The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria was created in 2002 to raise, manage and invest resources to respond to the three of the deadliest infectious diseases as part of the world’s commitment towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The idea of creating this body was discussed at a G8 summit in Okinawa, Japan, in 2000, and the real commitment coalescenced at the African Union Summit in April 2001, continued at the United Nations General Assembly Special Session in June of that year, and was finally endorsed by the G8 at their summit in Genoa in July 2001. Kofi Annan, former Secretary-General of the United Nations , made the first private contribution to the Global Fund having just been named the recipient of the 2001 Philadelphia Liberty Medal on May 3, 2001. Mr Anna announced that he would donate his US$1000,000 award to the Global Fund “war chest”.
It sounds a lot, and it is a lot. Somehow we have to bring about a quantum leap in the scale of resources available. But it is not at all impossible, given the amount of wealth in the world. In fact it is little more than one per cent of the world’s annual military spending. We just have to convince those with the power to spend — public and private donors alike — that this would be money well spent.
~ Kofi Annan in his address at the African Leaders Summit
A Transitional Working Group was set up in July 2001 to determine the principles and working modalities of the new organisation, and the Global Fund held its first meeting hosted by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in January 2002.
The Global Fund Board is a public-private partnership. It is made up of representatives of both donor and implementing governments (Donor Group and Implementer Group), non-governmental organisations, the private sector and foundations, and communities living with and affected by the three diseases. The Board is made up of 20 voting members, and six ex-officio members without voting rights. The Board was designed to have equality between those who gave money to the Global Fund and those who implement programmes with the resources. A Board Member, Alternate Board Member, and Communications Focal Point is recognised as representatives of each Delegation, and each constituency on the Board of the Global Fund is organised differently.
The Communities Delegation belongs to the Implementers Group, which also includes the Developed Country NGO Delegation and Developing Country NGO Delegation. The Communities Delegation formally obtained voting rights in 2004. The Global Fund meets at least twice annually, and as the governing body of the Global Fund, and exercises the following core functions:
- Strategy Development
- Governance Oversight
- Commitment of Financial Resources
- Assessment of Organisational Performance
- Risk Management
- Partnership Engagement, Resource Mobilisation and Advocacy
The work of the Global Fund operates through three committees:
A Coordinating Group, led by the Board Chair, serves as a collaborative body to coordinate important business of the Board.
As of June 2016, the Communities Delegation has a seat on the Strategy Committee represented by Board Member – Mr Rico Gustav.